Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) is an acute respiratory illness caused by a novel human coronavirus. The two main routes of transmission of the COVID-19 virus, described at present, are respiratory droplets and contact. Preventive and mitigation measures are key in breaking the chain. The most effective preventive measures include performing hand hygiene frequently or avoiding touching your face; practising respiratory hygiene; wearing a medical mask at all times if you have respiratory symptoms while going out and performing hand hygiene after disposing of the mask, and maintaining social distance (a minimum of 1 m) from persons with respiratory symptoms or even general population while outside. The COVID-19 pandemic caused by novel human corona virus has made knowledge regarding respiratory hygiene, respiratory protective equipment, and personal hygiene the need of the hour.
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