Aim: The prevalence of anemia in pregnancy varies considerably because of differences in socioeconomic conditions. The aim was to study association of sociodemographic factors with varying degrees of anemia.
Materials and methods: The study done at SMS Medical College, Jaipur, included four groups of normal, mild, moderate, and severely anemic women with 35 women in each group. Data on sociodemographic details of the women were collected and analyzed.
Results: Women from rural area, lower socioeconomic background, and with poor education had more number of cases with severe anemia. The average duration at antenatal booking was 14 weeks in nonanemic and 28.2 weeks in severe anemia.
Conclusion: Poor literacy levels, rural background, and lower socioeconomic background influence the degree of anemia. Early antenatal booking should be enforced.
Clinical significance: Educational and economic upliftment of the women would help to reduce the overall prevalence of anemia in pregnancy.
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