Qualitative Assessment of Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA/Mitanin) Regarding their Roles and the Factors Influencing their Performance in Delivering Immunization Services for Children's in Selected Villages of Raipur District, Chhattisgarh
Epidemiology, Healthcare workers, India, Vaccine
Citation Information :
Mendhe H, Patil N, Saini D, Patil M, Phatale P. Qualitative Assessment of Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA/Mitanin) Regarding their Roles and the Factors Influencing their Performance in Delivering Immunization Services for Children's in Selected Villages of Raipur District, Chhattisgarh. 2022; 5 (1):3-7.
Background: The Government of India in 2005 started the ASHA program to enhance the health of the rural population. The ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) was the important link person between the health system and the community. She supports various national programs along with the childhood immunization service. The study was conducted to know her role and the factors which influence their performance while delivering the immunization services.
Methodology: A qualitative study was conducted in Arang block of Raipur. Five villages were selected coming under the sector Mandir Hasaud. Nonprobability purposive sampling was done and in-depth interview was conducted with 18 ASHAs till saturation of the data. Interview findings were analyzed with a thematic frame work.
Results: The study shows that the ASHAs have a good knowledge about the routine immunization services. She is clear with her role. Recognition by community and support from family and coworkers were some of the motivating factors. Insufficient and delayed incentives and quality trainings were found to be significant factors in keeping her motivated for providing the immunization services.
Conclusion: Regular refresher training, satisfactory monitory incentives, regular disbursal of incentives can be more effective and keep the motivation high for an ASHA for her services delivery in further improving the childhood immunization.
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