Factors Affecting Diagnostic Delay in Newly Diagnosed Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in the Modern Era: A Brief Review
Nithin Thomas, Vishwambar Vallabaneni, Jereen Varghese, R Ragulan
Diagnostic delay, Health system delay, Patient delay, Tuberculosis
Citation Information :
Thomas N, Vallabaneni V, Varghese J, Ragulan R. Factors Affecting Diagnostic Delay in Newly Diagnosed Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in the Modern Era: A Brief Review. 2022; 5 (2):39-42.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major communicable disease that affects one-third of the world's population. The management, as well as prognosis, depends on the early identification and diagnosis. Delay in diagnosis leads to worsening of the patient's clinical condition and the emergence of resistant bacilli. The purpose of the review article is to describe the factors affecting delay in diagnosis in newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients. For eight months, researchers searched PubMed, the WHO website, and Google Scholar for all materials pertaining to the topic. In total, 30 articles reflecting on the various causes of diagnosis delay were chosen and analyzed. The educational status, income status, distance to the healthcare facility, cost, initial consultation with the type of healthcare personnel in the healthcare system, and frequency of consultations were associated with the delays. A multimodal strategy is needed to alleviate the delay in diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis.
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