Introduction: The natural disaster tends to affect the lives of millions of people, and there is a great risk for the outbreak of different infectious diseases. The objective of the current review was to explore the consequences of natural and man-made humanitarian emergencies, and the role of monitoring systems in dealing with the problem better.
Methods: We performed a detailed search on the PubMed and Google Scholar search engines. In addition, we also screened the World Health Organization website and United Nations Population Fund website. Keywords used in the search include humanitarian emergencies in the title alone only. A total of 13 research articles and 10 documents and case studies were selected as they were in alignment with the current review.
Results: It is of utmost importance that measures are taken by the governments of the affected nation as well as the destination nations or other stakeholders to safeguard the rights of refugee women and assist them in leading a peaceful life.
Conclusion: To conclude, there is a great need to scale up the sexual and reproductive healthcare services in the hurricane-affected regions and improve the quality of life of the vulnerable women and girls. There is an extensive need to strengthen and expand the range of services to enable survivors of slavery to effectively deal with their past experiences and health-related ailments.
World Health Organization. PAHO/WHO issues appeal for $9 million for emergency health operations in Haiti. 2016.
World Health Organization. From a warehouse in Dubai to a hospital in Haiti: a journey of lifesaving supplies. 2016.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Meeting nutritional requirements of community in disaster – a guide to policy makers. Int J Health Syst Disaster Manage 2014;2(4):246–248. DOI: 10.4103/2347-9019.144414.
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Gulland A. Nepal earthquake gives rise to fears over poor sanitation. BMJ 2015;350:h2430. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.h2430.
United Nations Population Fund. How the response to Nepal's earthquake strengthened resources for the nation's most vulnerable women, 2016.
Vaishya R, Agarwal AK, Vijay V, Hussaini M, Singh H. Surgical management of musculoskeletal injuries after 2015 Nepal earthquake: Our experience. Cureus 2015;7(8):e306. DOI: 10.7759/cureus.306.
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World Health Organization. Environmental isolation of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus after interruption of wild poliovirus transmission, Nigeria, 2016. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 2016;91(31):375–379. PMID: 27498430.
World Health Organization. Early warnings on disease outbreaks help guide WHO's response in north eastern Nigeria, 2016.
World Health Organization. Haiti Hurricane Matthew 2016; 2016. Available from: http://who.int/emergencies/haiti/en/. [Last accessed on 14 Feb 2023].
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Inequality in health for women, infants and children: an alarming public health concern. Int J Prev Med 2016;7(1):10. DOI: 10.4103/2008-7802.173906.
United Nations Population Fund. “I am a prey to all men”: Refugee women endure poverty, harassment, isolation; 2016. Available from: https://www.unfpa.org/news/"i-am-prey-all-men"-refugee-women-endure-poverty-harassment-isolation.
Freedman J. Sexual and gender-based violence against refugee women: a hidden aspect of the refugee “crisis”. Reprod Health Matters 2016;24(47):18–26. DOI: 10.1016/j.rhm.2016.05.003.
Rees SJ, Tol W, Mohammad M, Tay AK, Tam N, Dos Reis N, et al. A high-risk group of pregnant women with elevated levels of conflict-related trauma, intimate partner violence, symptoms of depression and other forms of mental distress in post-conflict Timor-Leste. Transl Psychiatry 2016;6:e767. DOI: 10.1038/tp.2015.212.
Wirtz AL, Pham K, Glass N, Loochkartt S, Kidane T, Cuspoca D, et al. Gender-based violence in conflict and displacement: qualitative findings from displaced women in Colombia. Confl Health 2014;8:10. DOI: 10.1186/1752-1505-8-10.
Yasmine R, Moughalian C. Systemic violence against Syrian refugee women and the myth of effective intrapersonal interventions. Reprod Health Matters 2016;24(47):27–35. DOI: 10.1016/j.rhm.2016.04.008.
World Health Organization. Health Resources Availability Monitoring System (HeRAMS), 2016.
World Health Organization. Information on health services essential for humanitarian response in Borno State, Nigeria, 2016.