Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are common and cost heavily to both society and the individual. The diagnosis of TBI is a clinical decision; however, imaging, particularly CT, plays an important role in diagnostic work-up, classification, prognosis, and follow-up. The goal of this study was to contrast and compare the roles of different imaging modalities in craniocerebral trauma. Radiologists are critical in the detection of craniocerebral trauma, and they must look for injury patterns, methods of injury, and subsequent injuries such as herniation and mass effect. CT has a much greater sensitivity for fracture detection when compared to MRI and no risk for safety, which is vital in penetrating or blast injuries. MRI holds higher sensitivity in diagnosing intra- and extra-axial hemorrhages, white matter axonal injuries, and brainstem abnormalities.
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