[Year:2020] [Month:October-December] [Volume:3] [Number:4] [Pages:4] [Pages No:164 - 167]
Aim: The plant products are used to treat various diseases instead of synthetic drugs owing to their least side effects. One of the important plants is Moringa oleifera. The micronutrients of Moringa oleifera leaves (MOL) have anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antiepileptic, and antitumor properties. Literature explored the contents of MOL from various countries and thus, the present study aims to evaluate the existence of phytochemicals present in the MOL grow in the Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu, India. Materials and methods: The maceration technique was employed to extract the active contents of the powdered leaves with 70% ethanol. The acquired crude extract was subjected to detailed phytochemical analysis. We have tested MOL for the presence of alkaloids (Mayer's test), proteins and amino acids (xanthoproteic test and ninhydrin test), flavonoids (alkaline reagent test), glycosides (Legal's test), saponins (foam test), and tannin (gelatin test). The presence of reducing sugars, carbohydrates, phytosterols, and triterpenoids was tested by Fehling's test, Molisch's test, Liebermann–Burchard's test, and Salkowski's test, respectively. Standard chemical tests were used for testing steroids, anthraquinones, and fats and fixed oils. Results: Stronger presence of some chemical compounds like proteins and amino acids, flavonoids, alkaloids, steroids, and saponins as well as other ingredients were detected. The extract showed weak positivity for phytosterols, reducing sugars, and fats and fixed oils. But carbohydrates, anthraquinones, tannin, and triterpenoids were not identified in the extract of MOL. Conclusion: The presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, and saponins can exhibit stronger antioxidant activity against the free radicals, which are of great medicinal value. The active components extracted from MOL may be useful as a drug in various diseases induced by the reactive oxygen species.