SBV Journal of Basic, Clinical and Applied Health Science

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2022 | October-December | Volume 5 | Issue 4

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Subhash Chandra Parija, Prateek Sudhakar Bobhate

Mitigating the Adverse Impact of Climate Change: An Indian Perspective

[Year:2022] [Month:October-December] [Volume:5] [Number:4] [Pages:1] [Pages No:87 - 87]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03172  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 



Shivashankari Pandirajan, Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, T Muthukumar

Mechanical, Musculoskeletal Health Issues, and Morbidity Profile in Agricultural Workers: A Holistic Perspective

[Year:2022] [Month:October-December] [Volume:5] [Number:4] [Pages:4] [Pages No:88 - 91]

Keywords: Agricultural workers, Health hazards, Morbidity

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03142  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


The agricultural business employs a majority of the Indian population, but little attention is paid to their health requirements. The morbidities that develop in agricultural workers provide particular health challenges. The purpose of this review article is to narrate various health issues among agricultural workers, especially mechanical, biological, and musculoskeletal hazards. An extensive search of all materials related to the topic was done for 6 months in PubMed, WHO website, and Google Scholar search engines. Overall, 30 articles focusing on the different aspects of health hazards of agricultural workers were selected and analyzed. The agricultural workers tend to have multiple morbidities including a history of falls, low back ache, knee pain, and injuries due to animal bites. Poor health-seeking behavior and healthcare utilization were also common among agricultural workers. Health issues of agriculture workers are varied in nature like mechanical, physical, chemical, biological, psychosocial illness, etc. To address the health problems of the agricultural workers, a multifaceted strategy is required.



VC Maruduraj, Muralidharan Gopalan, A Naren Kumar, Fazil Navidh, Sharan Bhooshan, Mohana Priya

A Rare Case of Recurrent Pseudomyxomatous Peritonei Presenting as Peritoneo-cutaneous Fistula: A Case Report

[Year:2022] [Month:October-December] [Volume:5] [Number:4] [Pages:5] [Pages No:92 - 96]

Keywords: Mucinous, Peritonei, Pseudomyxoma

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03154  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare disorder, characterized by diffuse intra-abdominal gelatinous contents, the so-called “jelly belly like content,” with mucinous implants on the peritoneal surface. We report a case of an 84-year-old female, with a history of abdominal diffuse swelling for 7 years and yellow jelly-like discharge below the umbilicus. Abdominal ultrasonography and CT scan of the abdomen showed the jelly-like collection in the entire abdomen and pelvis extending through the subcutaneous plane. Laparotomy showed cheese burst defect in linea alba and yellow jelly-like mucinous fluid. The histological study revealed mucinous cells. The patient had a good postoperative performance status. Pseudomyxomatous peritonei describes the peritoneal dissemination of mucus-producing tumors, most frequently from the appendix but also occurs in the small and large bowel, stomach, pancreas, lung, breast, gallbladder, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Due to its aggressive behavior, often discovered incidentally at a relatively advanced stage during screening for other medical concerns. PMP demands consideration as a ‘borderline malignancy’ with a differential prognosis based on the site of origin.



VC Maruduraj, Muralidharan Gopalan, R Veerapan, Fazil Navidh, Sharan Bhooshan, Mohana Priya

Retroperitoneal Lipoma of Unknown Origin: A Case Report

[Year:2022] [Month:October-December] [Volume:5] [Number:4] [Pages:3] [Pages No:97 - 99]

Keywords: Lipoma, Rare, Retroperitoneum

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03157  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Retroperitoneal lipoma has been considered as the rarest case experienced in the clinical scenario. The reported cases in the literature have been very scarce in count. We report a case of a 57-year-old female, with a history of pain and diffuse swelling over abdomen. Radiological imaging such as abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) scans of the abdomen showed a large mass located in the retroperitoneal space. Laparotomy showed a large encapsulated tumor measuring 40 cm × 30 cm × 10 cm and weighing 8 kg. The histological study revealed a benign neoplasm of fatty cells. The patient had a good postoperative performance status. Since the occurrence of lipoma in the retroperitoneum is considered rare, fat containing lesions in the region of the retroperitoneum and around can never be taken as simple diffusion or pedunculated lipoma. Pelvic lipomatosis is the overgrowth of histologically normal fat in the extra abdominal compartments of the pelvis along the perirectal and perivesical spaces. Along with the radiological appearances, the clinical features and demographic details are highly helpful in the zeroing the diagnosis and management protocol of the case. Lipoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a solid tumor in the retroperitoneal space and the treatment of retroperitoneal lipoma is eminently surgical.



Samarth Somanath

Cannabis-induced Seizure: A Case Report

[Year:2022] [Month:October-December] [Volume:5] [Number:4] [Pages:3] [Pages No:100 - 102]

Keywords: Cannabis, Complications, Seizure, Toxic

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03162  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Cannabis is one of the most commonly used illicit drugs in India as well as in the world. Until recently, very few studies regarding cannabis and its various effects were studied. With more countries and states all over the world legalizing, more studies regarding various harmful effects of cannabis and its side effects are being studied.1 Here we present a 16-year-old male patient who came with a history of cannabis abuse for 2 years. He came with complaints of abdominal pain and developed seizures later on. Diagnosed to have a cannabis-induced seizure. Cannabis abuse through its various vascular and toxic mechanisms could explain the seizure.



Aishwarya Guru, Vijay Narayanan Surendran

Anesthetic Management and Submental Intubation in Patient with Maxillofacial Injury

[Year:2022] [Month:October-December] [Volume:5] [Number:4] [Pages:2] [Pages No:103 - 104]

Keywords: Intubation, Maxillofacial injury, Submental

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03166  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Early reconstruction of facial fractures by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) has recently become the standard of care in the management. Submental intubation is a useful technique that is considered less invasive compared to tracheostomy in securing the airways where orotracheal intubation and nasotracheal intubation are difficult to perform, also preventing tracheostomy-related complications. Submental intubation is considered a reliable alternative to tracheostomy in patients undergoing complex maxillofacial surgeries who do not require postoperative ventilatory support. Here, we report a case of 36-year-old male patient who presented with a Le Fort II fracture.



Kevin J John

Learning Management System and Its Role in the Effective Delivery of Medical Education

[Year:2022] [Month:October-December] [Volume:5] [Number:4] [Pages:2] [Pages No:105 - 106]

Keywords: Education, E-learning, Learning management system, Medical students

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03164  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Studying online and the shift from pen and paper to the digital world is a trend that has been on a rise over the past decade. With this growth, arises the need to effectively design and implement learning management systems (LMS) in the current scenario. For the acquisition of knowledge, being up to date with the world around and enabling learning to be uninhibited, facilitates growth, and reflects greatly on the outcomes of the student. The current state and ability of institutions to provide knowledge were tested with the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic that engulfed the entire globe, where learning had no choice but to move into the digital domain. This paper highlights the role that LMS and e-learning are currently playing in the field of medical education. The success of LMS depends on many factors, such as accessibility, course content, usage of appropriate resources, and assessment criteria. This paper has been written to explore the role of LMS and e-tools in ensuring improvement in the acquisition of knowledge and understanding of concepts and skills.



Joelpreet Kaur

Simulation in Medical Education: Scope, Challenges, and Potential Solutions

[Year:2022] [Month:October-December] [Volume:5] [Number:4] [Pages:2] [Pages No:107 - 108]

Keywords: Fidelity, Medical education, Simulation

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03167  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Gone are the days when medical education was focused on subjective learning through real-world patients. Simulation has revolutionized medical education as a whole. It is a form of learning to experience something without actually going through it in reality. It not only provides opportunities for medical students to learn from an event-based platform, but also makes them avoid errors in patient care without compromising patient safety. It promotes “hands-on” training for undergraduates from an earlier point in their education. Simulation was first introduced by Aviation industry and soon its benefits in medical education were explored. Simulation has brought about innovation in medical curriculum. It ensures laying emphasis on communication skills, team work, and decision-making along with inculcating ethical knowledge. Simulation is hence a tool to bridge the gap between classroom learning and patient care and promotes experience-based learning.


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