SBV Journal of Basic, Clinical and Applied Health Science

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2023 | July-September | Volume 6 | Issue 3

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Original Article

Nitin Patil, Maithilee Patil, Swapnil Inkane, Astha Kumar, Prithvi Petkar

Fever Rash (FR) Surveillance System Assessment for Detection of Measles-Rubella Disease at Raipur District, Chhattisgarh State, India, April 2022 – August 2022

[Year:2023] [Month:July-September] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:47 - 51]

Keywords: Fever rash, Measles, Rubella, Surveillance, Weekly report

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03193  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Measles is a highly contagious, serious disease caused by a virus. More than 140, 000 people died from measles in 2018 mostly children under the age of 5 years, despite the availability of a safe and effective vaccine. Annually around 50,000 cases of congenital rubella syndrome are reported in India. The government of India in collaboration with WHO India is running fever rash (FR) surveillance for the elimination of Measles rubella disease. We assessed the FR surveillance system for timeliness, and completeness and provide evidence-based recommendations. Methods: Fever rash (FR) surveillance data from April 22 to August 22 (Week 14–35, 2022) of selected reporting facilities for FR case reporting was reviewed for completeness and data quality. One reporting unit from rural and five others from urban areas were selected. Information on FR surveillance aspects like case definition and reporting structure was collected through interviews using a standardized questionnaire. Timeliness and data quality were assessed through the data reporting portal and hospital records. Results: A total of nine FR cases were reported by the reporting units from April 2022 to August 2022. Maximum cases were reported by Bhattar Hospital. Timely reports were submitted by Bhattar Hospital and CHC Abhanpur with 100%. Late reporting was submitted by Govt Ayurveda Hospital (45.5% Timeliness) while two reporting sites Maa Sharda Hospital and Sirbhai Hospital have not submitted the weekly report to the immunization unit of the district. Maa Sharda Hospital reported 1 FR case but didn't mention it in the weekly report. Conclusion: We concluded that the standard process of FR surveillance is not uniform with the reporting sites which are assessed. We recommend regular monitoring, hand-holding, and capacity building of the person responsible for regular weekly reporting from all reporting units.

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Original Article

Ferrin Maria John, Valli Rajasekaran, T Kiren

Does Nasal Packing Affect Postoperative Complications of Surgery for Deviated Nasal Septum?

[Year:2023] [Month:July-September] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:52 - 53]

Keywords: Conventional nasal packing, Hematoma formation, Merocel nasal packing, Nasal packing, Septoplasty, Synechiae formation

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03180  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Septoplasty is one of the most common procedures performed by otorhinolaryngologists. Nasal packs are placed following nasal surgery to arrest hemorrhage, prevent septal hematoma formation, and prevent postoperative adhesion formation. Many different forms of nasal packing materials have been used nowadays. The objective of this study was if to find out if nasal packing has any direct effect on postoperative complications of surgery for deviated nasal septum. Materials and methods: A prospective study was conducted among 40 patients in a tertiary care center for 18 months who underwent septal surgery in the department of otorhinolaryngology. Patients between the ages of 18 and 50 who underwent septal surgery were included. The subjects were divided into two groups: group I received a conventional nasal pack, and group II received Merocel postoperatively. Selected subjects were assessed first, second, and fourth weeks postoperatively, for any postoperative complications. Results: It was observed that group I had more synechiae and hematoma formation than group II. Conclusion: The conventional and Merocel packs were both effective packs. The Merocel pack is better in terms of minimizing the risk of postoperative complications.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Harshal Mendhe, Swapnil Milind Inkane, Tanaya Choudhary

Exploring the Consequences of Natural and Man-made Humanitarian Emergencies on Human Health

[Year:2023] [Month:July-September] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:54 - 58]

Keywords: Disasters, Humanitarian emergencies, Women

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03196  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: The natural disaster tends to affect the lives of millions of people, and there is a great risk for the outbreak of different infectious diseases. The objective of the current review was to explore the consequences of natural and man-made humanitarian emergencies, and the role of monitoring systems in dealing with the problem better. Methods: We performed a detailed search on the PubMed and Google Scholar search engines. In addition, we also screened the World Health Organization website and United Nations Population Fund website. Keywords used in the search include humanitarian emergencies in the title alone only. A total of 13 research articles and 10 documents and case studies were selected as they were in alignment with the current review. Results: It is of utmost importance that measures are taken by the governments of the affected nation as well as the destination nations or other stakeholders to safeguard the rights of refugee women and assist them in leading a peaceful life. Conclusion: To conclude, there is a great need to scale up the sexual and reproductive healthcare services in the hurricane-affected regions and improve the quality of life of the vulnerable women and girls. There is an extensive need to strengthen and expand the range of services to enable survivors of slavery to effectively deal with their past experiences and health-related ailments.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Swapnil Inkane, Prithvi Brahmanand Petkar

School Dropouts among Adolescent Girls and Violence against Women: Strategies for Their Containment

[Year:2023] [Month:July-September] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:59 - 64]

Keywords: Adolescent girls, Child marriage, School dropouts, Violence against women

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03197  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Adolescent girls are the future of human society and for a better future of mankind and the progress of the society, they must attend schools regardless of their origin. The objective of the present review is to explore the magnitude and reasons for school dropouts and violence against women, and then propose strategies for improving the existing scenario. Methods: We performed a detailed search on the PubMed and Google Scholar search engines. In addition, we also screened the World Health Organization website and United Nations Population Fund website. Keywords used in the search include adolescent girls, school dropouts, child marriage, and violence against women in the title alone only. A total of 20 research articles and 14 weblinks and reports were selected as they were in alignment with the current review. Results: It is the need of the hour to implement measures to simultaneously deal with both the challenges and ensure the holistic development of girls. As adolescents are the future of any nation, it is the need of the hour to deliver health care services in such a way that no adolescent is left behind and all of them can avail of timely health care. Living in a world in which women are free from violence is within reachable distance. It can easily be attained, once people start listening and health professionals can easily fulfill this role, provided they are empowered to act. There is an immense need to establish a comprehensive system to provide medical and psychological care to the survivors of sexual violence, and even extend rehabilitation and supportive care in communities through trained healthcare staff. Conclusion: To conclude, the extension of the right support to an adolescent girl is the ultimate approach to having a better future, not only for adolescent girls but also for their families and communities. As the humanitarian conflicts are not expected to be resolved in the near future, there is a great need to extend health care, support, and rehabilitation services to women and girls to enable them to lead a normal life.

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CASE REPORT

Arivazhagan Narayanasamy

Chloroquine-induced Photosensitive Dermatoses: A Case Report

[Year:2023] [Month:July-September] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:65 - 66]

Keywords: Adverse drug reaction, Chloroquine, Karaikal, Photosensitive dermatoses

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03195  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are common occurrences in a hospital setting attributed to the severity and complexity of the disease process, use of multiple drugs, drug interactions, and possible negligence. Chloroquine-induced photosensitive dermatoses refer to skin conditions that arise as a result of sensitivity to sunlight or ultraviolet (UV) radiation after the use of chloroquine medication. Methods: We report a case of photosensitive dermatoses due to chloroquine is seen in a tertiary care teaching hospital at Puducherry. Results: A fifty years old female patient was prescribed chloroquine 150 mg orally for a period of 1 month for rheumatoid arthritis. At the end of 1 month, she developed multiple, irregular, well-defined, pigmented, scaly plaques over the sun-exposed areas of the face, upper arms, and forearms. A diagnosis of probable chloroquine-induced photosensitive dermatitis was made. Conclusion: Chloroquine-induced photodermatoses are an uncommon adverse drug reaction seen in 1–2% of the population. Though routine ophthalmological examination is done for patients on chloroquine therapy, this adverse cutaneous drug reaction should also be looked at with caution by the prescribing physicians.

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SHORT COMMUNICATION

Rasdita Nurhidayati

Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Expectations from the Public Health Authorities and Other Stakeholders

[Year:2023] [Month:July-September] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:67 - 68]

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Preparedness, World Health Organization

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10082-03194  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has been declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, with a very high risk of global transmission depending on the changing dynamics of the distribution of the disease. Considering the rapid pace of the international spread of the novel infection and the kind of public health threat-cum-impact that the disease has imposed, the World Health Organization declared the ongoing outbreak a pandemic. The need of the hour is to institute early and effective measures, which will help the nations to interrupt the transmission as well as save human lives and reduce anxiety among the general population. To conclude, the COVID-19 pandemic has overwhelmed the health sector and also created a sense of fear among all the public health authorities and thus it is the responsibility of all the stakeholders, including the general population to strictly adhere to the recommendations proposed by the national governments in the battle against this novel infection.

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